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The practice of Islam varies nationwide, and has over the years, been influenced by different aspects of Arab culture.
Somalia has a significant number of ethnic and economic minority groups.
Armed domestic opposition to Siyad Barre arose in 1988 in the Northern part of the country.
The Somali National Movement (SNM), the United Somali Congress (USC), and the Ogadeni Somali Patriotic Movement (SPM) joined forces to fight against Siyad Barre's government.
The Samaale are primarily of nomadic origin and live throughout Somalia and in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti.
The Sab consist of two clan families, the Digil and Raxanweyn, located primarily in southern Somalia, where they combine farming and herding and are more likely than the Samaale to be sedentary.
The establishment of a government has proved to be extremely difficult and currently Somalia remains a lawless nation.
Prior to the civil war that occurred in Somalia in 1991 the country appeared to be one of the most homogeneous countries in Africa.
In the beginning of the 20th century British control of British Somaliland was challenged by native uprisings.
During World War II the rivalry between the Axis powers and the Allied powers in Europe also had an effect on the social and political climate among the Somali people.